Moving violations

Moving Violations

Failing to signal for lane changes

This violation happens when drivers don't use their turn signals when they make a turn or change lanes. Although this safety device it is pretty simple to use it is may be the most underutilized on a vehicle. It can avoid dangerous situations that affect the drivers of the car, other drivers and pedestrians. Generally the use of turn signals are required by law. As a recommendation it have to be used approximately 100 feet ahead of the turn the driver wants to make.

If a driver wants to change lanes, it is necessary that he signals what he is doing for a time enough to alert the driver of a car proceeding from the rear in the same direction or a driver of a care approaching from the opposite direction. The signals can be done by hand and arm or using the signal lights of the car.

Drivers who are guilty of failing to signal a lane change get a fine more than $150, and could even spend more than 15 days in jail. It depends on the number of times this offense have commited. For instance for third time offenses, the amount of the fine could increase to $400, and drivers could spend between 45 and 90 days in jail. If the consequence is an accident or injury, the fines and penalties are more serious and they can include both fines and jail time. Generally it is 2 traffic points for failure to signal a lane change, similar than other moving violations.

According to a survey by Response Insurance, a national car insurer, the 57% of American drivers don't signal when they change lanes. Results from this survey show that women are more likely to signal than men. The same occurs with drivers over 25, they are more likely to signal than younger drivers. The reasons to don't signal were:
  • 42% didn't have time,
  • 23% they were lazy,
  • 17% they forgot to turn it off,
  • 12% they changed lanes too frequently to bother,
  • 11% It was not important,
  • 8% Other drivers don't
  • 7% percent skipped the signal to "add excitement" to their trip.
It is hard to believe some of these responses, but it is a little show why occurs many accidents.



Failing to stop for a stop sign

Traffic laws for every state, requires drivers obey all stops signs while they are operating a vehicle. The stops sign laws state that the driver must stop completely at the stop line. In case there is not a stop line, they can’t enter to the crosswalk, they must stop before it. If there is not a visible crosswalk, they must stop before entering the intersection. A motorist is required to yield at the right-of-way line to pedestrians and approaching traffic. It is possible that the stop sign be a hand-held right of way sign, in this case drivers must stop until an authorized person makes signals that it is safe to proceed.

Failure to yield at yield intersection

When a driver is approaching to an intersection, he/she must check for oncoming vehicles and must yield the right of way to the vehicle that has already entered to the intersection. In case two drivers enter to an intersection at the same time, the driver who is on the left must yield to the driver on the right side.

The fines and penalties for this offense varies depending on the satate where it is commited. If a driver comet this offense more than one time, be jailed maybe a penalty. Usually the courts give 4 demerit points to drivers who make this offense



Failure to yield to emergency vehicles

The consequence of failure to yield to emergency vehicle or ambulance may be loss a life of someone who not necessarily is on the road. When drivers hear the sirens of an ambulance, they should immediately yield the right of way to this vehicle. They should drive to the right hand edge of the road, stop and remain there until the ambulance has passed.

Failing to use a seat belt

The use of seat belts have been mandatory for most of the states in the USA, although the legislation varies between them. This could be considered a primary or a secondary offense, depending on where state is the driver.

Some people wear seat belts as a safety measure, but other just because it can avoid them to get a fine. Many people don't use they saying that are too uncomfortable, they are driving a short distance, they forget to use it. some people say they use seat belts occasionally while others admit they never wear seat belts. According to the MVOSS(The Motor Vehicle Occupant Safety Survey) study, the main reason why people on the vehicke don't buckle up is why they are only driving short distances and for people For those people who never wear a seat belt, the most common reason was that seat belts are uncomfortable for them. Other reasons people gave for not wearing their seat belts include the following:

Failure to stop at a school bus stop sign

It is a violation that occur when a driver passes a school bus which is stopped for loading or unloading children and that are displaying a flashing stop sign. It means when the school bus is slowing down and displays yellow lights and when it stops and display red lights. Vehicles can pass when flashing red lights and signals are turned off. At the state of Illinois a traffic ticket for this reason can be expensive and in some cases the driver’s license can be suspended.

This kind of violations attempt on the lives of countless children who get on and off the school bus.

If a student is struck, the charges are more seriously and it can be considered from a misdemeanour to a felony and drivers who comet it may also be sentenced to jail.

Most jurisdictions state that all surrounding vehicles must stop when a school bus is stopped having their red lights flashing. It's illegal to pass a school bus when it's slowing down and its yellow lights are flashing and when it stops and the red lights are flashing.

Streets have two and four lanes. When a school bus stops with flashing lights and stop sign out(extends the stop signal arm), vehicles on the two lanes road (in both directions) must stop. When the bus stops on a four lane road, generally only vehicles on the two lanes (going the same direction as the school) bus must stop. If depends on the law of each state.

In many opportunities and places the school bus driver will be report the passing vehicles. School bus stop (Source www.nhtsa.dot.gov)


Red light running

It is referred when a driver proceeds through an intersection while a red light is displayed on a traffic signal. According to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, the leading cause of urban crashes is red light running. Inside, the consequences of this moving violation several hundred people are died every year and the number is increasing. More people are injured in crashes that involves red-light running than in any other type of crashes. Fatalities associated with this traffice offense often involve innocent drivers and pedestrians since the crash type often occurs suddenly and unexpectedly. In 2007 in the United States, approximately 900 people were killed and an estimated 153,000 were injured in crashes that involved red light.

According to IIHS, the fines for red light running range from as little as $25 (Pennsylvania) to as much as $1,000(Georgia and Utah). It has and average of $100.

Speeding

This is the most common moving traffic violations. It occurs when someone drives over the designated speed limit for an area. Drivers face more severe penalties if they have a speeding violation in zones, such as near construction sites or schools.