Driver's License Types

Drivers License Types

USA

Types of Driver's Licenses in USA:

a) Non-commercial
  1. Operator Licenses – usually come under Class D. These licenses are meant to drive a passenger car or a truck not exceeding 11,790 kg of unladen weight or a trailer with a weight of no more than 4,536 kg. Issued to people who reach 18 years of age and more or to 17-teens who completed a Driver's Education course. A driver who holds this license is allowed to pull a vehicle weighing 4,536 kg unless the combined weight of both vehicles does not exceed 11,790 kg.

  2. Taxi and Livery Licenses – usually come under Class E. A person who has obtained this license can drive the same types of vehicles as a holder of the class D license plus vehicles for hire with a capacity up to 14 passenger's seats.Please note: this type of license is not considered to be commercial!!

  3. Motorcycle Licenses – Usually belong to Class M. In some States, this type of license is not necessary for mopeds, scooters and motorized bicycles.

  4. Restricted Licenses – licenses that are subject to state restrictions. Here below, for example, all junior licenses.The classes of the junior licenses are usually called:

    Class DJ – Operator Junior License – is issued to minors under the age of 18. This license is meant to drive a passenger car or a truck not exceeding 4,536 kg of unladen weight as well as to pull vehicles with a weight of no more than 1,360 kg. The type of license is subject to state restrictions.

    Class MJ – Motorcycle Junior License – is issued to minors under the age of 18.

  5. Enhanced Licenses – used for re-entering the USA via land or sea from Canada, Mexico or the Caribbean. Issued to U.S. citizens only in the States of Washington, Vermont, Michigan and New York.
b) Commercial (CDL)
  1. Class A – for combination vehicles, i.e. tractor and trailer or coupled bus, of 11,790 kg or more.The class is meant for people who reach 21 years of age or more.

  2. Class B – for single vehicles, i.e. passenger cars, straight buses, of 11,790 kg or more, and combination vehicles weighing less than 11,790 kg. The class is intended for those who reach at least 18 years of age.

  3. Class C – generally, for commercial vehicles that do not fit classes A and B intended for risky materials or to carry more than 15 persons or heavy duty non-commercial vehicles able to carry over 7,257 kg or all vehicles able to carry over 7,257 kg and at the same time, no more than 11,790kg.
Class C is also used for commercial and non-commercial status in most of the States. Some recreational vehicles (for example, converted buses or campers bigger than 12.20 meters) fall into this category too. Persons of 18 years of age and more are allowed to drive vehicles of this class.

United Kingdom

Named “driving license” in United Kingdom, unlike in the United States. The types of driving licenses are different compared to those in the United States as well as the categories. The UK driving licence system is more similar to the system of the European Union. Two types of licences are used – provisional (for those who have not passed a UK driving test) and full license. Only the court decides when to endorse a driving license.

Categories of UK Driving Licences:
  • PMoped – the minimum age for the category is 16. Engine capacity must not exceed 50 cc and the maximum designed speed must be up to 50 km/h.

  • A1Light motorcycle – for light motorcycles with an engine size up to 125 cc and of a poweroutput not exceeding 11 kW/Kg. This type of driving licence may be obtained from the moment an applicant reaches the age of 17.

  • AMedium-sized motorcycle – motorcycles up to 25 kW and a power to mass ratio not higher than 0.16 kW/kg or for motorcycle combination with a power mass ratio not exceeding 0.16 kW/kg. The driving licence may also be obtained since an applicant reaches the age of 17.

  • AMotorcycle – any motorcycle size without a limitation and it may even include a side car. The minimal age to obtain the licence is 21.

  • B13 or 4 wheeled light vehicle – these types of vehicles with an unladen weight no more than 550 kg. Now, too this category belong some electric vehicles and vehicles used for very short distances on public roads too. The license cannot be obtained until the applicant reaches 17 years of age.

  • BCar or a light van- motor vehicles with a maximum authorized mass not exceeding 3,500 kg having not more than 8 passenger seats that may have a trailer up to 750 kg. Or, combinations of vehicles in category B and a trailer, where the maximum authorized mass of the combination does not exceed 3,500 kg and the maximum authorized mass (MAM) of the trailer does not exceed the unladen mass of the towing vehicle. Some electric vehicles and vehicles used for very short distances on public roads also belong to this category now. The minimum age for the licence is 17 years.

  • BMinibus – vehicles having between 9 and 16 passenger seats not for hire or reward as well as with the maximum authorized mass not exceeding 3.5 tons or 4.25 tons including specialist equipment for the carriage of disabled passengers. No trailer of any size may be pulled. The applicant must have been held the B license for 2 years and reach 21 years of age at least.

  • B (Automatic) Automatic car (a car with automatic transmission) – as category B with automatic transmission. The minimum age for the licence is 17.

  • B + ECar with a trailer – as the category, but with a heavier trailer. The minimum age is 17.

  • C1 - Medium sized vehicle – a vehicle between 3,500 kg and 7,500 kg with or without a trailer that weighs up to 750 kg. Use from the minimum age of 18.

  • C1 + EMedium sized vehicle with a trailer–as category C1, but with a trailer weighing more than 750 kg. The MAM of the combination of vehicles cannot exceed 12000 kg and MAM of the trailer does not exceed the unladen mass of the towing vehicle. The licence is provided to person since they are 18.

  • CLarge vehicle – it means vehicles over 3,500 kg with a trailer up to 750 kg. Persons are allowed to obtain the license since they reach 18 years of age.

  • C + ELarge vehicle with a trailer – as category C, but with a trailer over 750 kg.Minimum age allowed is 18.

  • D1Minibus – vehicles with a minimum of 9 and a maximum of 16 passengers, which may pull a trailer up to 750 kg. Minimum age permitted is 21 (in some casesin the age of 18).

  • D1 + EMinibus with a trailer - combinations of vehicles where the towing vehicle is in subcategory D1 and its trailer has a MAM of over 750 kg, provided that the MAM of the combination does not exceed 12,000 kg, and the MAM of the trailer, when fully loaded, does not exceed the unladen mass of the towing vehicle. The licence can be obtain with the minimum of age of21 (in some cases in the age of 18).

  • DBus – valid for a bus with more than 8 passenger’s seats with a trailer up to 750 kg. The minimum age to obtain the license is 21 (in some cases in the age of 18).

  • D + EBus with a trailer – as category D, but with a trailer over 750 kg. Theminimum age is 21 (in some cases in the age of 18).

  • FAgricultural tractor – an applicant needs to reach the age of 16 to be allowed to drive a tractor with a width less than 2.45 m and pull a trailer with the same width and having either 2or 4 close-coupled wheels.

  • GRoad-roller–Since the age of 21 years (in some cases in the age of 17), persons can drive a road roller with metal or hard rollers. It also can be steam powered and weighs more that more than 11.69 tons or be made for carrying loads.
  • HTracked vehicle – lower age limit for the license is 21 years (17 if the MAM of the tracked vehicle does not exceed 3,500 Kg).

  • KMowing machine or vehicle controlled by a pedestrian – lower age limit to obtain the license is 16 years.

Driver's Licenses and Jobs

An employer can ask about a driver’s license if driving is an essential part of the job. Applications for some jobs may include a statement about the need for successful candidates to prove they have a valid driver's license.

Mention or include your driver license in your resume if it's relevant to the role that you are applying. For instance, if you are applying for a delivery type of roles, you would put it under Certifications or Licenses section. Any doubt about how to complete your resume? Check how to make a resume guide and learn what information you should include on your CV to surprise hiring managers.

Hardship License
  Hardship License