Visual Search Strategies

Visual Search Strategies

Most traffic crashes are mainly caused by novice drivers that have not developed the optimum visual search strategies; visual attention and eye movements affect the control of daily tasks which is why task-related visual search patterns are learned, and regarded to driving, experienced drivers have an horizontal view of the road in contrasts to the shorter fixations of novice drivers.

Defensive driving includes the ability to notice all things required while driving at once, which implies that your eyes have to move constantly and send all the information to the brain; this actions depend on the driving road scenes and situations and on expectancy or anticipation skills based on experiences of the drivers. Visual search has some categories based on visual stimulus:
  • Signs: Visual stimuli that help drivers by informing them what the conditions of the roads are.

  • The highway: Visual stimuli on the road and in the area near the road, that is, those that might cause an accident and if you notice them you can avoid a difficult situation.

  • Motorized Vehicles: These vehicles include cars, trucks, buses and more; you cannot observe all of these vehicle drivers but it can be helpful if you notice those that don't have full control of their vehicles; It's a good idea to check your speed and keep a position in order to protect yourself from possible accidents, remember that even you notice the danger, not every driver is predictable.

  • Non-Motorized highway users: That is, bikers, pedestrians, and animals; you should have special care with these users because they are the most vulnerable in the highways.